Population of Albania 2017

Population

Current population of Albania is 3,047,987 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Albanian(s)
adjective: Albanian

Ethnic Groups

Albanian 82.6%, Greek 0.9%, other 1% (including Vlach, Romani, Macedonian, Montenegrin, and Egyptian), unspecified 15.5% (2011 est.)

Languages

Albanian 98.8% (official – derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Romani, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)

Religions

Muslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2%

note: all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 18.05% (male 290,572/female 259,544)
15-24 years: 17.47% (male 275,969/female 256,416)
25-54 years: 41.06% (male 597,421/female 653,965)
55-64 years: 11.54% (male 173,105/female 178,575)
65 years and over: 11.89% (male 169,681/female 192,739) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 44
youth dependency ratio: 26
elderly dependency ratio: 18.1
potential support ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 32.5 years
male: 31.2 years
female: 33.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

13.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

a fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the western and central parts of the country

Urbanization

urban population: 59.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.81% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

TIRANA (capital) 454,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

24.5 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

29 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 78.3 years
male: 75.7 years
female: 81.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.51 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

69.3% (2008/09)

Health Expenditures

5.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.29 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

2.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 84.3% of population
rural: 81.8% of population
total: 83.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 15.7% of population
rural: 18.2% of population
total: 16.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 93.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

1,700 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<100 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

18.1% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

6.3% (2009)

Education Expenditures

3.5% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.6%
male: 98.4%
female: 96.9% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 72,818
percentage: 12% (2005 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 39.8%
male: 39.3%
female: 40.8% (2015 est.)