Population of Argentina 2017


Current population of Argentina is 44,293,293 people (July 2017 est.).


noun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine

Ethnic Groups

European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African 0.4% (2010 est.)


Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)


nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

Demographic Profile

Argentina’s population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina’s fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort – ages 15-24 – is the largest in Argentina’s history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group.

Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. European immigration diminished in the 1950s, when Argentina’s military dictatorships tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration, however, continued to supply low-skilled workers and today it accounts for three-quarters of Argentina’s immigrant population. The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s. The 2008 European economic crisis drove the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina was a key recipient.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 24.59% (male 5,612,766/female 5,278,857)
15-24 years: 15.28% (male 3,460,276/female 3,307,227)
25-54 years: 39.38% (male 8,707,818/female 8,733,370)
55-64 years: 9.13% (male 1,963,923/female 2,081,796)
65 years and over: 11.62% (male 2,159,811/female 2,987,449) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 56.5
youth dependency ratio: 39.4
elderly dependency ratio: 17.1
potential support ratio: 5.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 31.5 years
male: 30.3 years
female: 32.7 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

16.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

one-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires; pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country; Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated


urban population: 91.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BUENOS AIRES (capital) 15.18 million; Cordoba 1.511 million; Rosario 1.381 million; Mendoza 1.009 million; San Miguel de Tucuman 910,000; La Plata 846,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

52 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 10.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 77.1 years
male: 74 years
female: 80.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.26 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

61.3% (2013)

Health Expenditures

4.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

4.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 99% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.1% of population

urban: 1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 96.4% of population

urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

120,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

2,400 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

26.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

2.3% (2005)

Education Expenditures

5.5% of GDP (2014)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 98%
female: 98.1% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 435,252
percentage: 7%

note: data represent children ages 5-13 (2003 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 18.8%
male: 16.7%
female: 22.4% (2014 est.)