Population of Australia 2017

Population

Current population of Australia is 23,232,413 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Australian(s)
adjective: Australian

Ethnic Groups

English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%

note: data represent self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 est.)

Languages

English 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 est.)

Religions

Protestant 30.1% (Anglican 17.1%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist, 1.6%, Lutheran 1.2%, Pentecostal 1.1%, other Protestant 1.3%), Catholic 25.3% (Roman Catholic 25.1%, other Catholic 0.2%), other Christian 2.9%, Orthodox 2.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Muslim 2.2%, Hindu 1.3%, other 1.3%, none 22.3%, unspecified 9.3% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 17.8% (male 2,122,139/female 2,012,670)
15-24 years: 12.79% (male 1,524,368/female 1,446,663)
25-54 years: 41.45% (male 4,903,130/female 4,725,976)
55-64 years: 11.83% (male 1,363,331/female 1,384,036)
65 years and over: 16.14% (male 1,736,951/female 2,013,149) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 51.1
youth dependency ratio: 28.5
elderly dependency ratio: 22.6
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 38.6 years
male: 37.8 years
female: 39.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

12.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

5.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 89.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, and Norfolk Island

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Sydney 4.505 million; Melbourne 4.203 million; Brisbane 2.202 million; Perth 1.861 million; Adelaide 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

28.7 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 82.2 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 84.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.77 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

72.3%

note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2005)

Health Expenditures

9.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.37 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

3.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

25,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

29.9% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

0.2% (2007)

Education Expenditures

5.3% of GDP (2013)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 20 years
male: 20 years
female: 21 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 13.3%
male: 14.1%
female: 12.5% (2014 est.)