Population of Bangladesh 2017

Population

Current population of Bangladesh is 157,826,578 (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the eighth most populous.

Nationality

noun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi

Ethnic Groups

Bengali at least 98%, ethnic groups 1.1%

note: Bangladesh’s government recognizes 27 ethnic groups under the 2010 Cultural Institution for Small Anthropological Groups Act; other sources estimate there are about 75 ethnic groups; critics of the 2011 census claim that it underestimates the size of Bangladesh’s ethnic population (2011 est.)

Languages

Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)

Religions

Muslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 27.76% (male 22,283,780/female 21,521,977)
15-24 years: 19.36% (male 15,309,543/female 15,241,971)
25-54 years: 39.73% (male 30,094,014/female 32,614,286)
55-64 years: 6.93% (male 5,405,900/female 5,527,330)
65 years and over: 6.23% (male 4,666,033/female 5,161,744) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 52.5
youth dependency ratio: 44.9
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6
potential support ratio: 13.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 26.3 years
male: 25.6 years
female: 26.9 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

18.8 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 34.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.55% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

DHAKA (capital) 17.598 million; Chittagong 4.539 million; Khulna 1.022 million; Rajshahi 844,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth:
18.5 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

176 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 32.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 35.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 30.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 73.2 years
male: 71 years
female: 75.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.17 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

62.3% (2014)

Health Expenditures

2.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.39 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Hospital Bed Density

0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 86.5% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 86.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 13.5% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 13.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 57.7% of population
rural: 62.1% of population
total: 60.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 42.3% of population
rural: 37.9% of population
total: 39.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

12,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

1,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

3.3% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

32.6% (2014)

Education Expenditures

2.2% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.8%
male: 75.6%
female: 69.9% (2016 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2011)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 4,485,497
percentage: 13% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 8.7%
male: 8.3%
female: 9.2% (2010 est.)