Population of Belgium 2017

Population

Current population of Belgium is 11,491,346 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Belgian(s)
adjective: Belgian

Ethnic Groups

Belgian 75%, Italian 4.1%, Moroccan 3.7%, French 2.4%, Turkish 2%, Dutch 2%, other 12.8% (2011 est.)

Languages

Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%

Religions

Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant and other Christian 2.5%, Jewish 2.5%, Muslim 5%, Buddhist 0.3%, atheist 9.2%, none 32.6% (2009 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 17.16% (male 1,010,201/female 961,994)
15-24 years: 11.34% (male 665,483/female 637,700)
25-54 years: 40.05% (male 2,320,845/female 2,281,411)
55-64 years: 12.86% (male 732,062/female 746,212)
65 years and over: 18.58% (male 929,594/female 1,205,844) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 54.2
youth dependency ratio: 26.2
elderly dependency ratio: 28
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 41.4 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 42.7 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.7% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

11.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

9.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the population concentrated in the northern two-thirds of the country; the southeast is more thinly populated; considered to have one of the highest population densities in the world; approximately 97% live in urban areas

Urbanization

urban population: 97.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.36% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BRUSSELS (capital) 2.045 million; Antwerp 994,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

28.6 years (2013 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 81 years
male: 78.4 years
female: 83.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.78 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

70.4%

note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2008/10)

Health Expenditures

10.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.97 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

6.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

22.1% (2014)

Education Expenditures

6.4% of GDP (2011)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 20 years
male: 19 years
female: 21 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 22.1%
male: 23.8%
female: 20% (2015 est.)