Population of Canada 2017

Population

Current population of Canada is 35,623,680 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian

Ethnic Groups

Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.)

Languages

English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)

Religions

Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 15.44% (male 2,819,279/female 2,680,024)
15-24 years: 11.85% (male 2,171,703/female 2,048,546)
25-54 years: 39.99% (male 7,227,145/female 7,020,156)
55-64 years: 14.1% (male 2,492,120/female 2,529,652)
65 years and over: 18.63% (male 2,958,721/female 3,676,334) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 47.3
youth dependency ratio: 23.5
elderly dependency ratio: 23.8
potential support ratio: 4.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 42 years
male: 40.8 years
female: 43.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.7% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

10.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia

Urbanization

urban population: 82.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.16% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Toronto 5.993 million; Montreal 3.981 million; Vancouver 2.485 million; Calgary 1.337 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.326 million; Edmonton 1.272 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

28.1 years (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 81.9 years
male: 79.2 years
female: 84.6 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

10.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.48 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Hospital Bed Density

2.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

30.1% (2014)

Education Expenditures

5.3% of GDP (2011)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 13.5%
male: 15%
female: 11.9% (2014 est.)