Population of Chile 2017

Population

Current population of Chile is 17,789,267 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Chilean(s)
adjective: Chilean

Ethnic Groups

white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)

Languages

Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%

note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah’s Witness 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)

Demographic Profile

Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society – with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women – the traditional caregivers – increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.

Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile’s small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 20.11% (male 1,825,254/female 1,751,735)
15-24 years: 15.04% (male 1,364,831/female 1,311,216)
25-54 years: 43.08% (male 3,830,538/female 3,832,989)
55-64 years: 10.96% (male 918,559/female 1,031,153)
65 years and over: 10.81% (male 805,880/female 1,117,112) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 45.5
youth dependency ratio: 30.3
elderly dependency ratio: 15.2
potential support ratio: 6.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 34 years
male: 32.9 years
female: 35.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.8% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

13.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

90% of the population is located in the middle third of the country around the capital of Santiago; the far north (anchored by the Atacama Desert) and the extreme south are relatively underpopulated

Urbanization

urban population: 89.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.96% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

SANTIAGO (capital) 6.507 million; Valparaiso 907,000; Concepcion 816,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

22 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 6.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 78.8 years
male: 75.7 years
female: 81.9 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.8 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

7.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.03 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital Bed Density

2.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 93.3% of population
total: 99% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 6.7% of population
total: 1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 90.9% of population
total: 99.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 9.1% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.5% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

61,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

28.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

0.5% (2014)

Education Expenditures

4.8% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.5%
male: 97.6%
female: 97.4% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 82,882
percentage: 3% (2003 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 15.4%
male: 14.3%
female: 17% (2015 est.)