Population of China 2017

Population

Current population of China is 1,379,302,771 (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the most populous.

Nationality

noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese

Ethnic Groups

Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai and other nationalities) 7.1%
note: the Chinese Government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups (2010 est.)

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)

Religions

Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%
note: officially atheist (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 17.15% (male 127,484,177/female 109,113,241)
15-24 years: 12.78% (male 94,215,607/female 82,050,623)
25-54 years: 48.51% (male 341,466,438/female 327,661,460)
55-64 years: 10.75% (male 74,771,050/female 73,441,177)
65 years and over: 10.81% (male 71,103,029/female 77,995,969) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 36.6
youth dependency ratio: 23.5
elderly dependency ratio: 13
potential support ratio: 7.7 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 37.1 years
male: 36.2 years
female: 38.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

12.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

overwhelming majority of the population is found in the eastern half of the country; the west, with its vast mountainous and desert areas, remains sparsely populated; though ranked first in the world in total population, overall density is less than that of many other countries in Asia and Europe; high population density is found along the Yangtze and Yellow River valleys, the Xi Jiang River delta, the Sichuan Basin (around Chengdu), in and around Beijing, and the industrial area around Shenyang

Urbanization

urban population: 55.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Shanghai 23.741 million; BEIJING (capital) 20.384 million; Chongqing 13.332 million; Guangdong 12.458 million; Tianjin 11.21 million; Shenzhen 10.749 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.15 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

27 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 12.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.5 years
male: 73.5 years
female: 77.9 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

5.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.49 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital Bed Density

3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 95.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 86.6% of population
rural: 63.7% of population
total: 76.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 13.4% of population
rural: 36.3% of population
total: 23.5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

7.3% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.4% (2010)

Education Expenditures

NA

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 94.5% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2015)

People – note:

in October 2015, the Chinese Government announced that it would change its rules to allow all couples to have two children instead of just one, as mandated in 1979; the new policy was implemented on 1 January 2016 to address China’s rapidly aging population and economic needs

Leave a Reply