Population of Colombia 2017

Population

Current population of Colombia is 47,698,524 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Colombian(s)
adjective: Colombian

Ethnic Groups

mestizo and white 84.2%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 10.4%, Amerindian 3.4%, Romani

Languages

Spanish (official)

Religions

Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.)

Demographic Profile

Colombia is in the midst of a demographic transition resulting from steady declines in its fertility, mortality, and population growth rates. The birth rate has fallen from more than 6 children per woman in the 1960s to just above replacement level today as a result of increased literacy, family planning services, and urbanization. However, income inequality is among the worst in the world, and more than a third of the population lives below the poverty line.

Colombia experiences significant legal and illegal economic emigration and refugee flows. Large-scale labor emigration dates to the 1960s; Venezuela and the United States continue to be the main host countries. Colombia is the largest source of Latin American refugees in Latin America, nearly 400,000 of whom live primarily in Venezuela and Ecuador. Forced displacement remains prevalent because of violence among guerrillas, paramilitary groups, and Colombian security forces. Afro-Colombian and indigenous populations are disproportionately affected. As of February 2017, an estimated 7.4 million persons have been internally displaced since 1985, the highest amount in the world. These estimates may undercount actual numbers because not all internally displaced persons are registered.
Historically, Colombia also has one of the world’s highest levels of forced disappearances. About 30,000 cases have been recorded over the last four decades – although the number is likely to be much higher – including human rights activists, trade unionists, Afro-Colombians, indigenous people, and farmers in rural conflict zones.

Forced displacement continues to be prevalent because of violence among guerrillas, paramilitary groups, and Colombian security forces. Afro-Colombian and indigenous populations are disproportionately affected. Even with the Colombian Government’s December 2016 peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the risk of displacement remains as other rebel groups fill the void left by the FARC. As of February 2017, an estimated 7.4 million persons have been internally displaced since 1985, the highest total in the world. These estimates may undercount actual numbers because many internally displaced persons are not registered. Historically, Colombia also has one of the world’s highest levels of forced disappearances. About 30,000 cases have been recorded over the last four decades—although the number is likely to be much higher—including human rights activists, trade unionists, Afro-Colombians, indigenous people, and farmers in rural conflict zones.

Because of political violence and economic problems, Colombia received limited numbers of immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries, mostly from the Middle East, Europe, and Japan. More recently, growth in the oil, mining, and manufacturing sectors has attracted increased labor migration; the primary source countries are Venezuela, the US, Mexico, and Argentina. Colombia has also become a transit area for illegal migrants from Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean who are en route to the US or Canada.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 24.22% (male 5,917,425/female 5,634,516)
15-24 years: 17.25% (male 4,191,033/female 4,038,314)
25-54 years: 41.91% (male 9,918,698/female 10,071,419)
55-64 years: 9.18% (male 2,059,712/female 2,318,320)
65 years and over: 7.44% (male 1,480,966/female 2,068,121) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 45.6
youth dependency ratio: 35.4
elderly dependency ratio: 10.2
potential support ratio: 9.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 29.6 years
male: 28.7 years
female: 30.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

16.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the majority of people live in the north and west where agricultural opportunities and natural resources are found; the vast grasslands of the llanos to the south and east, which make up approximately 60% of the country, are sparsely populated

Urbanization

urban population: 76.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BOGOTA (capital) 9.765 million; Medellin 3.911 million; Cali 2.646 million; Barranquilla 1.991 million; Bucaramanga 1.215 million; Cartagena 1.092 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.6 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2015 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

64 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 14.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.7 years
male: 72.6 years
female: 79 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

79.1% (2009/10)

Health Expenditures

7.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.57 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital Bed Density

1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 73.8% of population
total: 91.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 26.2% of population
total: 8.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 85.2% of population
rural: 67.9% of population
total: 81.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 14.8% of population
rural: 32.1% of population
total: 18.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

120,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

2,800 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

20.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

3.4% (2010)

Education Expenditures

4.5% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.2%
male: 94.1%
female: 94.4% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 988,362
percentage: 9%

note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 18.7%
male: 14.6%
female: 24.3% (2014 est.)