Population of Comoros 2017

Population

Current population of Comoros is 808,080 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Comoran(s)
adjective: Comoran

Ethnic Groups

Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Languages

Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official; a blend of Swahili and Arabic) (Comorian)

Religions

Sunni Muslim 98%, other (including Shia Muslim, Roman Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness, Protestant) 2%

note: Islam is the state religion

Demographic Profile

Comoros’ population is a melange of Arabs, Persians, Indonesians, Africans, and Indians, and the much smaller number of Europeans that settled on the islands between the 8th and 19th centuries, when they served as a regional trade hub. The Arab and Persian influence is most evident in the islands’ overwhelmingly Muslim majority – about 98% of Comorans are Sunni Muslims. The country is densely populated, averaging nearly 350 people per square mile, although this varies widely among the islands, with Anjouan being the most densely populated.

Given the large share of land dedicated to agriculture and Comoros’ growing population, habitable land is becoming increasingly crowded. The combination of increasing population pressure on limited land and resources, widespread poverty, and poor job prospects motivates thousands of Comorans each year to attempt to illegally migrate using small fishing boats to the neighboring island of Mayotte, which is a French territory. The majority of legal Comoran migration to France came after Comoros’ independence from France in 1975, with the flow peaking in the mid-1980s.

At least 150,000 to 200,000 people of Comoran citizenship or descent live abroad, mainly in France, where they have gone seeking a better quality of life, job opportunities, higher education (Comoros has no universities), advanced health care, and to finance elaborate traditional wedding ceremonies (aada). Remittances from the diaspora are an economic mainstay, in 2013 representing approximately 25% of Comoros’ GDP and significantly more than the value of its exports of goods and services (only 15% of GDP). Grand Comore, Comoros’ most populous island, is both the primary source of emigrants and the main recipient of remittances. Most remittances are spent on private consumption, but this often goes toward luxury goods and the aada and does not contribute to economic development or poverty reduction. Althoughthe majority of the diaspora is now French-born with more distant ties to Comoros, it is unclear whether they will sustain the current level of remittances.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 39.35% (male 158,516/female 159,491)
15-24 years: 19.53% (male 76,425/female 81,393)
25-54 years: 32.91% (male 126,279/female 139,659)
55-64 years: 4.27% (male 15,375/female 19,133)
65 years and over: 3.94% (male 14,605/female 17,204) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 75.5
youth dependency ratio: 70.5
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1
potential support ratio: 19.7 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 19.6 years
male: 19 years
female: 20.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

26.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-2.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the capital city of Maroni, located on the western side of the island of Grande Comore, is the country’s largest city; however, of the three islands that comprise Comoros, it is Anjouan that is the most densely populated

Urbanization

urban population: 28.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MORONI (capital) 56,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

24.6 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

335 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 61.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 72.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 51 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 64.2 years
male: 61.9 years
female: 66.6 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.34 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

19.4% (2012)

Health Expenditures

6.7% of GDP (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

2.2 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 92.6% of population
rural: 89.1% of population
total: 90.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.4% of population
rural: 10.9% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 48.3% of population
rural: 30.9% of population
total: 35.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 51.7% of population
rural: 69.1% of population
total: 64.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

<200 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<100 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

5.8% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

16.9% (2012)

Education Expenditures

5.1% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.8%
male: 81.8%
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2014)