Population of Cuba 2017

Population

Current population of Cuba is 11,147,407 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban

Ethnic Groups

white 64.1%, mulatto or mixed 26.6%, black 9.3%

note: data represent racial self-identification from Cuba’s 2012 national census (2012 est.)

Languages

Spanish (official)

Religions

nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria

note: prior to CASTRO assuming power

Age Structure

0-14 years: 16.57% (male 950,870/female 896,476)
15-24 years: 12.22% (male 706,882/female 655,446)
25-54 years: 44.43% (male 2,490,483/female 2,462,250)
55-64 years: 11.84% (male 640,150/female 679,603)
65 years and over: 14.94% (male 763,058/female 902,189) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 43.3
youth dependency ratio: 23.3
elderly dependency ratio: 19.9
potential support ratio: 5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 41.1 years
male: 40 years
female: 42.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-0.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

10.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-4.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

large population clusters found throughout the country, the more significant ones being in the larger towns and cities, particularly the capital of Havana

Urbanization

urban population: 77.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

HAVANA (capital) 2.137 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

39 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 78.7 years
male: 76.4 years
female: 81.1 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.71 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

73.7% (2014)

Health Expenditures

11.1% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

7.52 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

5.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 96.4% of population
rural: 89.8% of population
total: 94.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.6% of population
rural: 10.2% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 94.4% of population
rural: 89.1% of population
total: 93.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 5.6% of population
rural: 10.9% of population
total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

25,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<200 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

27.2% (2014)

Education Expenditures

12.8% of GDP (2010)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 6.1%
male: 6.4%
female: 5.6% (2010 est.)
People –
note:
illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and overland via the southwest border; the number of Cubans migratingto the US has surged since the beginning of improved US-Cuban relations in late December 2014