Population of Equatorial Guinea 2017


Current population of Equatorial Guinea is 778,358 people (July 2017 est.).


noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)
adjective: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

Ethnic Groups

Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 census)


Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census)


nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Demographic Profile

Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest and least populated countries in continental Africa and is the only independent African country where Spanish is an official language. Despite a boom in oil production in the 1990s, authoritarianism, corruption, and resource mismanagement have concentrated the benefits among a small elite. These practices have perpetuated income inequality and unbalanced development, such as low public spending on education and health care.
Unemployment remains problematic because the oil-dominated economy employs a small labor force dependent on skilled foreign workers. The agricultural sector, Equatorial Guinea’s main employer, continues to deteriorate because of a lack of investment and the migration of rural workers to urban areas. About three-quarters of the population lives below the poverty line.

Equatorial Guinea’s large and growing youth population – about 60% are under the age of 25 – is particularly affected because job creation in the non-oil sectors is limited, and young people often do not have the skills needed in the labor market. Equatorial Guinean children frequently enter school late, have poor attendance,and have high dropout rates. Thousands of Equatorial Guineans fled across the border to Gabon in the 1970s to escape the dictatorship of MACIAS NGUEMA; smaller numbers have followed in the decades since. Continued inequitable economic growth and high youth unemployment increases the likelihood of ethnic and regional violence.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 39.81% (male 157,388/female 152,469)
15-24 years: 19.72% (male 78,145/female 75,348)
25-54 years: 32.15% (male 125,108/female 125,096)
55-64 years: 4.37% (male 14,676/female 19,349)
65 years and over: 3.95% (male 12,808/female 17,971) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 67.5
youth dependency ratio: 62.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.8
potential support ratio: 20.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 19.6 years
male: 19.1 years
female: 20.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

32.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands


urban population: 40.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.09% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MALABO (capital) 145,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

342 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 67.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 68.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 66.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 64.2 years
male: 63.1 years
female: 65.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

4.39 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

12.6% (2011)

Health Expenditures

3.8% of GDP (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 72.5% of population
rural: 31.5% of population
total: 47.9% of population

urban: 27.5% of population
rural: 68.5% of population
total: 52.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 79.9% of population
rural: 71% of population
total: 74.5% of population

urban: 20.1% of population
rural: 29% of population
total: 25.5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

6.2% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

35,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<1000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

16.2% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

5.6% (2010)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.4%
female: 93% (2015 est.)