Population of Estonia 2017

Population

Current population of Estonia is 1,251,581 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Estonian(s)
adjective: Estonian

Ethnic Groups

Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)

Languages

Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)

Religions

Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 16.23% (male 104,130/female 98,941)
15-24 years: 8.99% (male 58,432/female 54,122)
25-54 years: 41.37% (male 261,366/female 256,383)
55-64 years: 13.57% (male 76,591/female 93,194)
65 years and over: 19.85% (male 84,466/female 163,956) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 53.7
youth dependency ratio: 24.8
elderly dependency ratio: 28.9
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 42.4 years
male: 39 years
female: 45.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-0.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

10.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations

Urbanization

urban population: 67.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

TALLINN (capital) 391,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/female
total population: 0.88 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

26.6 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 76.7 years
male: 71.9 years
female: 81.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

6.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.32 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

5.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 97.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

24.5% (2014)

Education Expenditures

4.8% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 13.1%
male: 13.8%
female: 12.2% (2015 est.)