Population of Guinea-Bissau 2017


Current population of Guinea-Bissau is 1,792,338 people (July 2017 est.).


noun: Bissau-Guinean(s)
adjective: Bissau-Guinean

Ethnic Groups

Fulani 28.5%, Balanta 22.5%, Mandinga 14.7%, Papel 9.1%, Manjaco 8.3%, Beafada 3.5%, Mancanha 3.1%, Bijago 2.1%, Felupe 1.7%, Mansoanca 1.4%, Balanta Mane 1%, other 1.8%, none 2.2% (2008 est.)


Crioulo (lingua franca), Portuguese (official; largely used as a second or third language), Pular (a Fula language), Mandingo


Muslim 45.1%, Christian 22.1%, animist 14.9%, none 2%, unspecified 15.9% (2008 est.)

Demographic Profile

Guinea-Bissau’s young and growing population is sustained by high fertility; approximately 60% of the population is under the age of 25. Its large reproductive-agepopulation and total fertility rate of more than 4 children per woman offsets the country’s high infant and maternal mortality rates. The latter is among the world’s highest because of the prevalence of early childbearing, a lack of birth spacing, the high percentage of births outside of health care facilities, and a shortageof medicines and supplies.

Guinea-Bissau’s history of political instability, a civil war, and several coups (the latest in 2012) have resulted in a fragile state with a weak economy, high unemployment, rampant corruption, widespread poverty, and thriving drug and child trafficking. With the country lacking educational infrastructure, school funding andmaterials, and qualified teachers, and with the cultural emphasis placed on religious education, parents frequently send boys to study in residential Koranic schools (daaras) in Senegal and The Gambia. They often are extremely deprived and are forced into street begging or agricultural work by marabouts (Muslim religious teachers), who enrich themselves at the expense of the children. Boys who leave their marabouts often end up on the streets of Dakar or other large Senegalese towns andare vulnerable to even worse abuse.

Some young men lacking in education and job prospects become involved in the flourishing international drug trade. Local drug use and associated violent crime are growing.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 39.03% (male 349,256/female 350,327)
15-24 years: 20.18% (male 179,389/female 182,242)
25-54 years: 32.77% (male 292,736/female 294,526)
55-64 years: 4.57% (male 32,156/female 49,761)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 22,574/female 39,371) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 80.4
youth dependency ratio: 75.2
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 20 years
male: 19.5 years
female: 20.5 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

32.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

13.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

approximately one-fifth of the population lives in the capital city of Bissau along the Atlantic coast; the remainder is distributed among the eight other, mainly rural, regions


urban population: 50.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BISSAU (capital) 492,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.62 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

549 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 87.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 96.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 77.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 50.6 years
male: 48.6 years
female: 52.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

4.09 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

16% (2014)

Health Expenditures

5.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital Bed Density

1 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 60.3% of population
total: 79.3% of population

urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 39.7% of population
total: 20.7% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 33.5% of population
rural: 8.5% of population
total: 20.8% of population

urban: 66.5% of population
rural: 91.5% of population
total: 79.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

3.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

36,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

2,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

6.3% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

17% (2014)

Education Expenditures

2.2% of GDP (2013)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 59.9%
male: 71.8%
female: 48.3% (2015 est.)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 226,316
percentage: 57% (2010 est.)