Population of Guinea 2017

Population

Current population of Guinea is 12,413,867 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean

Ethnic Groups

Fulani (Peul) 33.9%, Malinke 31.1%, Susu 19.1%, Guerze 6%, Kissi 4.7%, Toma 2.6%, other/no answer 2.7% (2012 est.)

Languages

French (official)

note: each ethnic group has its own language

Religions

Muslim 86.7%, Christian 8.9%, animist/other/none 4.4% (2012 est.)

Demographic Profile

Guinea’s strong population growth is a result of declining mortality rates and sustained elevated fertility. The population growth rate was somewhat tempered in the 2000s because of a period of net outmigration. Although life expectancy and mortality rates have improved over the last two decades, the nearly universal practiceof female genital cutting continues to contribute to high infant and maternal mortality rates. Guinea’s total fertility remains high at about 5 children per woman because of the ongoing preference for larger families, low contraceptive usage and availability, a lack of educational attainment and empowerment among women, and poverty. A lack of literacy and vocational training programs limit job prospects for youths, but even those with university degrees often have no option but to work in the informal sector. About 60% of the country’s large youth population is unemployed.

Tensions and refugees have spilled over Guinea’s borders with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. About half sought refuge in the volatile “Parrot’s Beak” region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. Many were relocated within Guinea in the early 2000s because the area suffered repeated cross-border attacks from various government and rebel forces, as well as anti-refugee violence. As of 2016, Guinea sheltered more than 7,000Ivoirians.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 41.52% (male 2,603,506/female 2,550,714)
15-24 years: 19.73% (male 1,236,092/female 1,212,936)
25-54 years: 30.59% (male 1,905,249/female 1,892,638)
55-64 years: 4.48% (male 266,848/female 289,697)
65 years and over: 3.67% (male 201,598/female 254,589) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 84.2
youth dependency ratio: 78.6
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6
potential support ratio: 17.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 18.8 years
male: 18.6 years
female: 19.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

35.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

areas of highest density are in the west and south; interior is sparsely populated

Urbanization

urban population: 38.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

CONAKRY (capital) 1.936 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

18.9 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

679 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 51.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 60.6 years
male: 59 years
female: 62.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

4.77 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

5.6% (2012)

Health Expenditures

5.6% of GDP (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 92.7% of population
rural: 67.4% of population
total: 76.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.3% of population
rural: 32.6% of population
total: 23.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 34.1% of population
rural: 11.8% of population
total: 20.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 65.9% of population
rural: 88.2% of population
total: 79.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

1.5% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

120,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

5,800 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

5.9% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

18.7% (2012)

Education Expenditures

3.2% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 30.4%
male: 38.1%
female: 22.8% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 571,774
percentage: 25% (2003 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 1%
male: 1.5%
female: 0.6% (2012 est.)