Population of Haiti 2017

Population

Population: Current population of Haiti is 10,646,714 people (July 2017 est.).

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Haitian(s)
adjective: Haitian

Ethnic Groups

black 95%, mulatto and white 5%

Languages

French (official), Creole (official)

Religions

Roman Catholic (official) 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, other 0.7%), voodoo (official) 2.1%, other 4.6%, none 10.2%

note: many Haitians practice elements of voodoo in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; voodoo was recognized as an official religion in 2003

Age Structure

0-14 years: 32.81% (male 1,740,291/female 1,752,663)
15-24 years: 21.25% (male 1,132,386/female 1,129,844)
25-54 years: 36.78% (male 1,943,683/female 1,972,347)
55-64 years: 5.01% (male 254,352/female 279,431)
65 years and over: 4.15% (male 194,535/female 247,182) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 62.3
youth dependency ratio: 54.8
elderly dependency ratio: 7.5
potential support ratio: 13.3 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.6 years
male: 22.4 years
female: 22.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

23 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

fairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas

Urbanization

urban population: 60.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.44 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.7 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

359 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 48.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 41.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 63.8 years
male: 61.2 years
female: 66.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.72 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

34.5% (2012)

Health Expenditures

7.6% of GDP (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2007)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 64.9% of population
rural: 47.6% of population
total: 57.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 35.1% of population
rural: 52.4% of population
total: 42.3% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 19.2% of population
total: 27.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 80.8% of population
total: 72.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

2.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

150,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

4,600 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

10.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

11.6% (2012)

Education Expenditures

NA

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 60.7%
male: 64.3%
female: 57.3% (2015 est.)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 2,587,205
percentage: 21% (2006 est.)