Population of Honduras 2017


Current population of Honduras is 9,038,741 people (July 2017 est.).

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)


noun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran

Ethnic Groups

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%


Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects


Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 41%, atheist 1%, other 2%, none 9% (2014 est.)

Demographic Profile

Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has the world’s highest murder rate. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capitaincome is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras’ industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras’ persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor,the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.

Honduras’ population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three childrenper woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras’ young adult population – ages 15 to 29 – is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 32.95% (male 1,521,300/female 1,456,727)
15-24 years: 21% (male 968,013/female 930,060)
25-54 years: 36.63% (male 1,675,574/female 1,635,241)
55-64 years: 5.13% (male 218,342/female 245,447)
65 years and over: 4.29% (male 167,957/female 220,080) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 59.8
youth dependency ratio: 52.7
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1
potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.6 years
male: 22.3 years
female: 23 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

22.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers – the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area


urban population: 55.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

TEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1.123 million; San Pedro Sula 852,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

20.4 years

note: median age a first birth among women 25-29 (2011-12 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

129 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 17.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 71.1 years
male: 69.5 years
female: 72.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.67 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

73.2% (2011/12)

Health Expenditures

8.7% of GDP (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 83.8% of population
total: 91.2% of population

urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 16.2% of population
total: 8.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 86.7% of population
rural: 77.7% of population
total: 82.6% of population

urban: 13.3% of population
rural: 22.3% of population
total: 17.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

21,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<1000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

16.3% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

7.1% (2012)

Education Expenditures

5.9% of GDP (2013)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 89%
female: 88.9% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 280,809
percentage: 16% (2002 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 14.2%
male: 7.6%
female: 25.6% (2015 est.)