Population of Iceland 2017

Population

Current population of Iceland is 339,747 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Icelander(s)
adjective: Icelandic

Ethnic Groups

homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%

Languages

Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

Religions

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 69.9%, Roman Catholic 3.8%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 2%, Asatru Association 1.1%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 4% (includes Zuist and Pentecostal), none 6.1%, other or unspecified 9.2% (2017 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 20.4% (male 35,418/female 33,887)
15-24 years: 13.5% (male 23,190/female 22,659)
25-54 years: 39.88% (male 68,579/female 66,899)
55-64 years: 11.81% (male 20,119/female 20,007)
65 years and over: 14.42% (male 22,936/female 26,053) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 51.6
youth dependency ratio: 30.8
elderly dependency ratio: 20.8
potential support ratio: 4.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 36.3 years
male: 35.7 years
female: 36.9 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

13.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

Iceland is almost entirely urban with half of the population located in and around the capital of Reykjavik; smaller clusters are primarily found along the coast in the north and west

Urbanization

urban population: 94.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

REYKJAVIK (capital) 184,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

27.4 years (2015 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 2.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 1.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 83 years
male: 80.9 years
female: 85.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

8.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.79 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Hospital Bed Density

3.18 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 98.7% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 98.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 1.3% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

23.9% (2014)

Education Expenditures

7.8% of GDP (2013)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 20 years
male: 18 years
female: 21 years (2013)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 6.5%
male: 6.7%
female: 6.4% (2016 est.)