Population of India 2017

Population

Current population of India is 1,281,935,911 people (July 2017 est.) which makes this country the second most populous.

Nationality

noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian

Ethnic Groups

Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Languages

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)

Religions

Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 27.34% (male 186,087,665/female 164,398,204)
15-24 years: 17.9% (male 121,879,786/female 107,583,437)
25-54 years: 41.08% (male 271,744,709/female 254,834,569)
55-64 years: 7.45% (male 47,846,122/female 47,632,532)
65 years and over: 6.24% (male 37,837,801/female 42,091,086) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 52.4
youth dependency ratio: 43.9
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6
potential support ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 27.6 years
male: 26.9 years
female: 28.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

19 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

with the notable exception of the deserts in the northwest, including the Thar Desert, and the mountain fringe in the north, a very high population density exists throughout most of the country; the core of the population is in the north along the banks of the Ganges, with other river valleys and southern coastal areas also having large population concentrations

Urbanization

urban population: 32.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.38% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

NEW DELHI (capital) 25.703 million; Mumbai 21.043 million; Kolkata 11.766 million; Bangalore 10.087 million; Chennai 9.62 million; Hyderabad 8.944 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

174 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 40.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 39.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 41.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 68.5 years
male: 67.3 years
female: 69.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.43 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

54.8% (2007/08)

Health Expenditures

4.7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.73 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 94.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 5.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 62.6% of population
rural: 28.5% of population
total: 39.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 37.4% of population
rural: 71.5% of population
total: 60.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.3% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

2.1 million (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

62,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

4.7% (2014)

Education Expenditures

3.8% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.2%
male: 81.3%
female: 60.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 10.7%
male: 10.4%
female: 11.6% (2012 est.)

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