Population of Indonesia 2017

Population

Current population of Indonesia is 260,580,739 (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the fourth most populous.

Nationality

noun: Indonesian(s)
adjective: Indonesian

Ethnic Groups

Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)

note: more than 700 languages are used in Indonesia

Religions

Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 25.02% (male 33,205,805/female 31,994,844)
15-24 years: 16.99% (male 22,537,842/female 21,738,210)
25-54 years: 42.4% (male 56,493,414/female 53,980,979)
55-64 years: 8.58% (male 10,192,430/female 12,177,931)
65 years and over: 7.01% (male 7,954,795/female 10,304,489) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 49
youth dependency ratio: 41.2
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7
potential support ratio: 13 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 29.9 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 30.5 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

16.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

major concentration on the island of Java, which is considered one of the most densely populated places on earth; of the outer islands (those surrounding Java and Bali), Sumatra contains some of the most significant clusters, particularly in the south near the Selat Sunda, and along the northeastern coast near Medan; the cities of Makasar (Sulawesi), Banjarmasin (Kalimantan) are also heavily populated

Urbanization

urban population: 53.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.69% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

JAKARTA (capital) 10.323 million; Surabaya 2.853 million; Bandung 2.544 million; Medan 2.204 million; Semarang 1.63 million; Makassar 1.489 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.8 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

126 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 23.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 27.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 72.7 years
male: 70.1 years
female: 75.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.11 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

61.1% (2015)

Health Expenditures

2.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Hospital Bed Density

0.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 94.2% of population
rural: 79.5% of population
total: 87.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 5.8% of population
rural: 20.5% of population
total: 12.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 72.3% of population
rural: 47.5% of population
total: 60.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 27.7% of population
rural: 52.5% of population
total: 39.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

620,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

38,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

5.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

19.9% (2013)

Education Expenditures

3.3% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97.2%
female: 93.6% (2016 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 4,026,285
percentage: 7%
note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 31.3%
male: 19.5%
female: 21.4% (2013 est.)