Population of Iran 2017

Population

Current population of Iran is 82,021,564 (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian

Ethnic Groups

Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes

Languages

Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, other

Religions

Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 24.19% (male 10,154,424/female 9,690,512)
15-24 years: 14.69% (male 6,174,435/female 5,878,475)
25-54 years: 48.57% (male 20,316,773/female 19,522,673)
55-64 years: 7.22% (male 2,920,111/female 2,999,525)
65 years and over: 5.32% (male 2,026,594/female 2,338,042) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 40.2
youth dependency ratio: 33.1
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1
potential support ratio: 14.1 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 29.4 years
male: 29.1 years
female: 29.7 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

17.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west, reflecting the position of the Zagros and Elburz Mountains; the vast dry areas in the center and eastern parts of the country, around the deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut, have a much lower population density

Urbanization

urban population: 73.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.07% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

TEHRAN (capital) 8.432 million; Mashhad 3.014 million; Esfahan 1.88 million; Karaj 1.807 million; Shiraz 1.661 million; Tabriz 1.572 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 36.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 71.4 years
male: 69.8 years
female: 73.1 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.97 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

77.4% (2010/11)

Health Expenditures

6.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.49 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 92.8% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 90% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.2% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 10% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

66,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

4,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

24.9% (2014)

Education Expenditures

2.9% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.8%
male: 91.2%
female: 82.5% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 24.8%
male: 21%
female: 42.8% (2014 est.)