Population of Iraq 2017

Population

Current population of Iraq is 39,192,111 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi

Ethnic Groups

Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkmen, Assyrian, Shabak, Yazidi, other 5%

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population)

Religions

Muslim (official) 99% (Shia 55-60%, Sunni 40%), Christian

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 39.46% (male 7,895,522/female 7,569,205)
15-24 years: 19.25% (male 3,841,375/female 3,702,187)
25-54 years: 33.84% (male 6,704,201/female 6,558,108)
55-64 years: 3.99% (male 752,598/female 812,683)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 601,937/female 754,295) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 77.7
youth dependency ratio: 72.3
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 19.9 years
male: 19.6 years
female: 20.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

30.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger urban agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited

Urbanization

urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.01% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BAGHDAD (capital) 6.643 million; Mosul 1.694 million; Erbil 1.166 million; Basra 1.019 million; As Sulaymaniyah 1.004 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

50 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 74.9 years
male: 72.6 years
female: 77.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

4 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

52.5% (2011)

Health Expenditures

5.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.85 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 70.1% of population
total: 86.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 6.1% of population
rural: 31.5% of population
total: 14.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 86.4% of population
rural: 83.8% of population
total: 85.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 13.6% of population
rural: 16.2% of population
total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

21.2% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

8.5% (2011)

Education Expenditures

NA

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.7%
male: 85.7%
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 715,737
percentage: 11% (2006 est.)