Population of Jamaica 2017

Population

Current population of Jamaica is 2,990,561 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Jamaican(s)
adjective: Jamaican

Ethnic Groups

black 92.1%, mixed 6.1%, East Indian 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2011 est.)

Languages

English, English patois

Religions

Protestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren 0.9%, and Moravian 0.7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.9%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 27.17% (male 413,325/female 399,190)
15-24 years: 20.79% (male 312,400/female 309,477)
25-54 years: 38.17% (male 564,414/female 577,059)
55-64 years: 5.85% (male 84,271/female 90,612)
65 years and over: 8.02% (male 107,310/female 132,503) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 48.7
youth dependency ratio: 34.9
elderly dependency ratio: 13.8
potential support ratio: 7.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 25.6 years
male: 25.1 years
female: 26.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.7% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

17.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-4.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population density is high throughout, but increases in and around Kingston, Montego Bay, and Port Esquivel

Urbanization

urban population: 55.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

KINGSTON (capital) 588,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

21.2 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

89 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 13.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 73.6 years
male: 72 years
female: 75.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.96 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

72.5% (2008/09)

Health Expenditures

5.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.41 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital Bed Density

1.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 89.4% of population
total: 93.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 10.6% of population
total: 6.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 79.9% of population
rural: 84.1% of population
total: 81.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 20.1% of population
rural: 15.9% of population
total: 18.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

1.7% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

30,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

1,300 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

26.8% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

2.5% (2012)

Education Expenditures

5.4% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.7%
male: 84%
female: 93.1% (2015 est.)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 38,516
percentage: 6% (2005 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 37.8%
male: 32.4%
female: 43.8% (2013 est.)