Population of Kazakhstan 2017

Population

Current population of Kazakhstan is 18,556,698 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Kazakhstani(s)
adjective: Kazakhstani

Ethnic Groups

Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.9%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.4% (2009 est.)

Languages

Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 74% (understand spoken language), Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the “language of interethnic communication”) 94.4% (understand spoken language) (2009 est.)

Religions

Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 25.91% (male 2,374,427/female 2,434,212)
15-24 years: 14.05% (male 1,329,376/female 1,277,615)
25-54 years: 42.42% (male 3,847,282/female 4,024,052)
55-64 years: 9.97% (male 810,019/female 1,040,917)
65 years and over: 7.65% (male 494,064/female 924,734) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 50.4
youth dependency ratio: 40.3
elderly dependency ratio: 10.2
potential support ratio: 9.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 30.3 years
male: 29 years
female: 31.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

18.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the country displays a low population density, particularly the interior; population clusters appear in urban agglomerations in the far northern and southern portions of the country

Urbanization

urban population: 53.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.94% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Almaty 1.523 million; ASTANA (capital) 759,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 0.94 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.53 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

25 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

12 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 20.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 70.8 years
male: 65.6 years
female: 75.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.25 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

51% (2010/11)

Health Expenditures

4.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.27 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

7.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 85.6% of population
total: 92.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 14.4% of population
total: 7.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 98.1% of population
total: 97.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 3% of population
rural: 1.9% of population
total: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.2% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

26,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<1000 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

23.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

3.7% (2011)

Education Expenditures

3.1% of GDP (2009)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2016)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 59,254
percentage: 2% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 3.9%
male: 3.6%
female: 4.3% (2013 est.)