Population of Laos 2017

Population

Current population of Laos is 7,126,706 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian

Ethnic Groups

Lao 53.2%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 9.2%, Phouthay 3.4%, Tai 3.1%, Makong 2.5%, Katong 2.2%, Lue 2%, Akha 1.8%, other 11.6%

note: the Laos Government officially recognizes 49 ethnic groups, but the total number of ethnic groups is estimated to be well over 200 (2015 est.)

Languages

Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages

Religions

Buddhist 64.7%, Christian 1.7%, none 31.4%, other/not stated 2.1% (2015 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 32.76% (male 1,180,227/female 1,154,550)
15-24 years: 21.17% (male 749,312/female 759,677)
25-54 years: 36.7% (male 1,290,768/female 1,324,390)
55-64 years: 5.48% (male 190,627/female 199,673)
65 years and over: 3.89% (male 125,682/female 151,800) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 60.2
youth dependency ratio: 54
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.7 years
male: 22.4 years
female: 23 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.5% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

23.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most densely populated area is in and around the capital city of Vientiane; large communities are primarily found along the Mekong River along the southwestern border; overall density is considered one of the lowest in Southeast Asia

Urbanization

urban population: 40.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 4.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

VIENTIANE (capital) 997,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

197 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 51.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 64.3 years
male: 62.2 years
female: 66.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.7 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

49.8% (2011/12)

Health Expenditures

1.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.18 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Hospital Bed Density

1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 85.6% of population
rural: 69.4% of population
total: 75.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 14.4% of population
rural: 30.6% of population
total: 24.3% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 94.5% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 70.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 5.5% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 29.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.3% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

11,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

3% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

26.5% (2012)

Education Expenditures

3.3% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.9%
male: 87.1%
female: 72.8% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 175,138
percentage: 11% (2006 est.)