Population of Latvia 2017

Population

Current population of Latvia is 1,944,643 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian

Ethnic Groups

Latvian 61.8%, Russian 25.6%, Belarusian 3.4%, Ukrainian 2.3%, Polish 2.1%, Lithuanian 1.2%, other 3.6% (2016 est.)

Languages

Latvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4%

note: data represent language usually spoken at home (2011 est.)

Religions

Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 15.15% (male 151,195/female 143,388)
15-24 years: 9.45% (male 94,779/female 88,952)
25-54 years: 41.75% (male 403,699/female 408,277)
55-64 years: 14.1% (male 121,993/female 152,260)
65 years and over: 19.55% (male 124,570/female 255,530) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 52.5
youth dependency ratio: 23.1
elderly dependency ratio: 29.4
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 43.3 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 46.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-1.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

9.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-6.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

largest concentration of people is found in and around the port and capital city of Riga; small agglomerations are scattered throughout the country

Urbanization

urban population: 67.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.56% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

RIGA (capital) 621,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female
total population: 0.85 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

27.2 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

18 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 74.5 years
male: 69.9 years
female: 79.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.51 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

5.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.22 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

5.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 90.8% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 87.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 9.2% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 12.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.7% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

6,600 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

25.6% (2014)

Education Expenditures

4.9% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.9% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 16.3%
male: 18%
female: 14.1% (2015 est.)