Population of Malaysia 2017

Population

Current population of Malaysia is 31,381,992 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian

Ethnic Groups

Malay 50.1%, Chinese 22.6%, indigenous 11.8%, Indian 6.7%, other 0.7%, non-citizens 8.2% (2010 est.)

Languages

Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai

note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan

Religions

Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 27.83% (male 4,493,084/female 4,238,991)
15-24 years: 16.81% (male 2,677,834/female 2,598,958)
25-54 years: 41% (male 6,507,499/female 6,358,762)
55-64 years: 8.27% (male 1,316,331/female 1,277,558)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 907,850/female 1,005,125) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 44.6
youth dependency ratio: 36.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8.5
potential support ratio: 11.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 28.2 years
male: 28 years
female: 28.5 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

19.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

a highly uneven distribution with over 80% of the population residing on the Malay Peninsula

Urbanization

urban population: 74.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 6.837 million; Johor Bahru 912,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

40 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75 years
male: 72.2 years
female: 78 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

52.2% (2014)

Health Expenditures

4.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.28 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital Bed Density

1.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 98.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 1.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 96.1% of population
rural: 95.9% of population
total: 96% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 4.1% of population
total: 4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

97,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

7,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

12.9% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

12.9% (2006)

Education Expenditures

5% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.6%
male: 96.2%
female: 93.2% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 10.2%
male: 9.3%
female: 11.6% (2014 est.)