Population of Mali 2017

Population

Current population of Mali is 17,885,245 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian

Ethnic Groups

Bambara 34.1%, Fulani (Peul) 14.7%, Sarakole 10.8%, Senufo 10.5%, Dogon 8.9%, Malinke 8.7%, Bobo 2.9%, Songhai 1.6%, Tuareg 0.9%, other Malian 6.1%, from member of Economic Community of West African States 0.3%, other 0.4% (2012-13 est.)

Languages

French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3%

note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language (2009 est.)

Religions

Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 est.)

Demographic Profile

Mali’s total population is expected to double by 2035; its capital Bamako is one of the fastest-growing cities in Africa. A young age structure, a declining mortality rate, and a sustained high total fertility rate of 6 children per woman – the third highest in the world – ensure continued rapid population growth for the foreseeable future. Significant outmigration only marginally tempers this growth. Despite decreases, Mali’s infant, child, and maternal mortality rates remain among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa because of limited access to and adoption of family planning, early childbearing, short birth intervals, the prevalence of female genital cutting, infrequent use of skilled birth attendants, and a lack of emergency obstetrical and neonatal care.

Mali’s high total fertility rate has been virtually unchanged for decades, as a result of the ongoing preference for large families, early childbearing, the lack of female education and empowerment, poverty, and extremely low contraceptive use. Slowing Mali’s population growth by lowering its birth rate will be essential for poverty reduction, improving food security, and developing human capital and the economy.

Mali has a long history of seasonal migration and emigration driven by poverty, conflict, demographic pressure, unemployment, food insecurity, and droughts. Many Malians from rural areas migrate during the dry period to nearby villages and towns to do odd jobs or to adjoining countries to work in agriculture or mining. Pastoralists and nomads move seasonally to southern Mali or nearby coastal states. Others migrate long term to Mali’s urban areas, Cote d’Ivoire, other neighboring countries, and in smaller numbers to France, Mali’s former colonial ruler. Since the early 1990s, Mali’s role has grown as a transit country for regional migration flows and illegal migration to Europe. Human smugglers and traffickers exploit the same regional routes used for moving contraband drugs, arms, and cigarettes.

Between early 2012 and 2013, renewed fighting in northern Mali between government forces and Tuareg secessionists and their Islamist allies, a French-led international military intervention, as well as chronic food shortages, caused the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Malians. Most of those displaced domestically sought shelter in urban areas of southern Mali, except for pastoralist and nomadic groups, who abandoned their traditional routes, gave away or sold their livestock, and dispersed into the deserts of northern Mali or crossed into neighboring countries. Almost all Malians who took refuge abroad (mostly Tuareg and Maure pastoralists) stayed in the region, largely in Mauritania, Niger, and Burkina Faso.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 48.17% (male 4,330,370/female 4,285,171)
15-24 years: 18.84% (male 1,604,914/female 1,765,479)
25-54 years: 26.26% (male 2,171,171/female 2,525,109)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 335,023/female 326,910)
65 years and over: 3.03% (male 270,856/female 270,242) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 101.9
youth dependency ratio: 96.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1
potential support ratio: 19.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 16.2 years
male: 15.5 years
female: 16.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

43.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

9.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the overwhelming majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country, with greater density along the border with Burkina Faso

Urbanization

urban population: 41.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 4.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BAMAKO (capital) 2.515 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

18.8 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

587 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 100 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 106.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 93.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 55.8 years
male: 53.9 years
female: 57.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

6.01 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

10.3% (2012/13)

Health Expenditures

6.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.09 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital Bed Density

0.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 96.5% of population
rural: 64.1% of population
total: 77% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.5% of population
rural: 35.9% of population
total: 23% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 37.5% of population
rural: 16.1% of population
total: 24.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 62.5% of population
rural: 83.9% of population
total: 75.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

110,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

6,100 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

5.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

27.9% (2006)

Education Expenditures

3.6% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 33.1%
male: 45.1%
female: 22.2% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 7 years (2011)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 1,485,027
percentage: 36% (2010 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 11.1%
male: NA
female: NA (2014 est.)