Population of Mexico 2017

Population

Current population of Mexico is 124,574,795 people (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the 10th most populous.

Nationality

noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican

Ethnic Groups

mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European)

note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity (2012 est.)

Languages

Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%

note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)

Religions

Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 26.93% (male 17,155,689/female 16,390,913)
15-24 years: 17.54% (male 11,065,927/female 10,778,382)
25-54 years: 40.81% (male 24,550,848/female 26,282,836)
55-64 years: 7.64% (male 4,362,868/female 5,160,514)
65 years and over: 7.09% (male 3,949,823/female 4,876,995) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 51.7
youth dependency ratio: 41.9
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8
potential support ratio: 10.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 28 years
male: 26.9 years
female: 29.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

18.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the population is found in the middle of the country between the states of Jalisco and Veracruz; approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City

Urbanization

urban population: 79.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MEXICO CITY (capital) 20.999 million; Guadalajara 4.843 million; Monterrey 4.513 million; Puebla 2.984 million; Toluca de Lerdo 2.164 million; Tijuana 1.987 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth:
21.3 years (2008 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

38 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 11.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.9 years
male: 73.1 years
female: 78.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.24 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

72.3% (2014)

Health Expenditures

6.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.07 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

1.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 74.5% of population
total: 85.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 12% of population
rural: 25.5% of population
total: 14.8% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.3% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

220,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

4,200 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

27.6% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

2.8% (2012)

Education Expenditures

5.2% of GDP (2012)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 95.5%
female: 93.5% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 1,105,617
percentage: 5% (2009 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 9.6%
male: 9.2%
female: 10.3% (2014 est.)