Population of Moldova 2017

Population

Current population of Moldova is 3,474,121 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Moldovan(s)
adjective: Moldovan

Ethnic Groups

Moldovan 75.1%, Romanian 7%, Ukrainian 6.6%, Gagauz 4.6%, Russian 4.1%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 0.8% (2014 est.)

Languages

Romanian 80.2% (official) (56.7% identify their mother tongue as Moldovan, which is virtually the same as Romanian; 23.5% identify Romanian as their mother tongue), Russian 9.7%, Gagauz 4.2% (a Turkish language), Ukrainian 3.9%, Bulgarian 1.5%, Romani 0.3%, other 0.2% (2014 est.)

note: data represent mother tongue

Religions

Orthodox 90.1%, other Christian 2.6%, other 0.1%, agnostic

Age Structure

0-14 years: 18.18% (male 325,501/female 305,931)
15-24 years: 12.32% (male 221,582/female 206,458)
25-54 years: 43.4% (male 760,511/female 747,352)
55-64 years: 13.46% (male 214,565/female 252,924)
65 years and over: 12.64% (male 171,347/female 267,950) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 34.5
youth dependency ratio: 21.2
elderly dependency ratio: 13.4
potential support ratio: 7.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 36.3 years
male: 34.5 years
female: 38.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-1.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

11.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-9.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

pockets of agglomeration exist throughout the country, the largest being in the center of the country around the capital of Chisinau, followed by Tiraspol and Balti

Urbanization

urban population: 45.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.36% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

CHISINAU (capital) 725,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

24 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

23 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 70.7 years
male: 66.9 years
female: 74.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.57 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

59.5% (2012)

Health Expenditures

10.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.54 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

6.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 96.9% of population
rural: 81.4% of population
total: 88.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.1% of population
rural: 18.6% of population
total: 11.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 87.8% of population
rural: 67.1% of population
total: 76.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 12.2% of population
rural: 32.9% of population
total: 23.6% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.6% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

15,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

15.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

2.2% (2012)

Education Expenditures

7.5% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.1% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 72,364
percentage: 16% (2009 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 12.8%
male: 12.4%
female: 13.5% (2015 est.)