Population of Mongolia 2017

Population

Current population of Mongolia is 3,068,243 people (July 2017 est.).

note: Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world (2 people per sq km); twice as many ethnic Mongols (some 6 million) live in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) in neighboring China (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian

Ethnic Groups

Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)

Languages

Mongolian 90% (official) (Khalkha dialect is predominant), Turkic, Russian (1999)

Religions

Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Shamanist 2.9%, Christian 2.2%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 26.95% (male 421,675/female 405,298)
15-24 years: 16.09% (male 249,805/female 243,784)
25-54 years: 45.6% (male 677,679/female 721,435)
55-64 years: 7.07% (male 99,099/female 117,818)
65 years and over: 4.29% (male 53,364/female 78,286) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 48.5
youth dependency ratio: 42.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8
potential support ratio: 17.3 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 27.9 years
male: 27.1 years
female: 28.7 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

18.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

sparsely distributed population throughout the country; the capital of Ulaanbaatar and the northern city of Darhan support the highest population densities

Urbanization

urban population: 73.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

ULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.377 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

20.5 years

note: median age at first birth among women 20-24 (2008 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

44 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 21.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 69.6 years
male: 65.4 years
female: 74.1 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.09 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

54.6% (2013)

Health Expenditures

4.7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.88 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital Bed Density

6.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 59.2% of population
total: 64.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 40.8% of population
total: 35.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 42.6% of population
total: 59.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 57.4% of population
total: 40.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

<500 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<100 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

15.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

1.6% (2013)

Education Expenditures

4.6% of GDP (2011)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 98.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 106,203
percentage: 18% (2005 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 17.9%
male: 16.8%
female: 19.4% (2015 est.)