Population of Myanmar 2017

Population

Current population of Myanmar (Burma) is 55,123,814 people (July 2017 est.).

note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Burmese (singular and plural)
adjective: Burmese

Ethnic Groups

Burman (Bamar) 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%

note: government recognizes 135 indigenous ethnic groups

Languages

Burmese (official)

note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages

Religions

Buddhist 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, none 0.1%

note: religion estimate is based on the 2014 national census, including an estimate for the non-enumerated population of Rakhine State, which is assumed to mainly affiliate with the Islamic faith (2014 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 26.85% (male 7,567,976/female 7,233,577)
15-24 years: 17.75% (male 4,917,290/female 4,865,264)
25-54 years: 42.36% (male 11,426,913/female 11,922,728)
55-64 years: 7.52% (male 1,930,253/female 2,213,263)
65 years and over: 5.53% (male 1,327,811/female 1,718,739) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 49.1
youth dependency ratio: 41.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8
potential support ratio: 12.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 28.6 years
male: 28 years
female: 29.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

18.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population concentrated along coastal areas and in general proximity to the shores of the Irrawaddy River; the extreme north is relatively underpopulated

Urbanization

urban population: 34.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

RANGOON (Yangon) (capital) 4.802 million; Mandalay 1.167 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.03 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

25 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2015/16 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

178 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 42.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 66.6 years
male: 64.2 years
female: 69.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.17 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

46% (2009/10)

Health Expenditures

2.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.57 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Hospital Bed Density

0.6 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 92.7% of population
rural: 74.4% of population
total: 80.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.3% of population
rural: 25.6% of population
total: 19.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 84.3% of population
rural: 73.9% of population
total: 77.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 15.7% of population
rural: 26.1% of population
total: 22.6% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.8% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

230,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

7,800 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

2.9% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

22.6% (2010)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.6%
male: 80%
female: 71.8% (2016 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 8 years
male: NA
female: NA (2007)