Population of New Caledonia 2017

Population

Current population of New Caledonia is 279,070 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: New Caledonian(s)
adjective: New Caledonian

Ethnic Groups

Kanak 40.3%, European 29.2%, Wallisian, Futunian 8.7%, Tahitian 2%, Indonesian 1.6%, Vietnamese 1%, Ni-Vanuatu 0.9%, other 16.2% (2009 est.)

Languages

French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

Religions

Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

Age Structure

0-14 years: 22.46% (male 32,025/female 30,648)
15-24 years: 16.44% (male 23,438/female 22,438)
25-54 years: 43.5% (male 61,169/female 60,232)
55-64 years: 8.4% (male 11,352/female 12,097)
65 years and over: 9.2% (male 11,396/female 14,275) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 48.3
youth dependency ratio: 33.9
elderly dependency ratio: 14.4
potential support ratio: 6.9 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 31.7 years
male: 31 years
female: 32.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

15 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2017 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 71.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.91% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

NOUMEA (capital) 181,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 77.7 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 81.9 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.93 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Physicians Density

2.22 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 98.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 97.3%
female: 96.5% (2015 est.)