Population of Niger 2017

Population

Current population of Niger is 19,245,344 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Nigerien(s)
adjective: Nigerien

Ethnic Groups

Hausa 53.1%, Zarma/Songhai 21.2%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani (Peul) 6.5%, Kanuri 5.9%, Gurma 0.8%, Arab 0.4%, Tubu 0.4%, other/unavailable 0.9% (2006 est.)

Languages

French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Religions

Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

Demographic Profile

Niger has the highest total fertility rate (TFR) of any country in the world, averaging close to 7 children per woman in 2016. A slight decline in fertility over the last few decades has stalled. This leveling off of the high fertility rate is in large part a product of the continued desire for large families. In Niger, the TFR is lower than the desired fertility rate, which makes it unlikely that contraceptive use will increase. The high TFR sustains rapid population growth and a large youth population – almost 70% of the populace is under the age of 25. Gender inequality, including a lack of educational opportunities for women and early marriage and childbirth, also contributes to high population growth.

Because of large family sizes, children are inheriting smaller and smaller parcels of land. The dependence of most Nigeriens on subsistence farming on increasingly small landholdings, coupled with declining rainfall and the resultant shrinkage of arable land, are all preventing food production from keeping up with population growth.
For more than half a century, Niger’s lack of economic development has led to steady net outmigration. In the 1960s, Nigeriens mainly migrated to coastal West African countries to work on a seasonal basis. Some headed to Libya and Algeria in the 1970s to work in the booming oil industry until its decline in the 1980s. Since the 1990s, the principal destinations for Nigerien labor migrants have been West African countries, especially Burkina Faso and Cote d’Ivoire, while emigration to Europe and North America has remained modest. During the same period, Niger’s desert trade route town Agadez became a hub for West African and other sub-Saharan migrants crossing the Sahara to North Africa and sometimes onward to Europe.

More than 60,000 Malian refugees have fled to Niger since violence between Malian government troops and armed rebels began in early 2012. Ongoing attacks by the Boko Haram Islamist insurgency, dating to 2013 in northern Nigeria and February 2015 in southeastern Niger, have pushed tens of thousands of Nigerian refugees and Nigerien returnees across the border to Niger and to displace thousands of locals in Niger’s already impoverished Diffa region.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 49.01% (male 4,757,806/female 4,674,437)
15-24 years: 19.1% (male 1,815,689/female 1,860,230)
25-54 years: 25.97% (male 2,495,927/female 2,501,362)
55-64 years: 3.28% (male 328,082/female 304,030)
65 years and over: 2.64% (male 259,046/female 248,735) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 111.6
youth dependency ratio: 106.2
elderly dependency ratio: 5.4
potential support ratio: 18.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 15.3 years
male: 15.2 years
female: 15.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

3.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

44.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

11.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

majority of the populace is located in the southernmost extreme of the country along the border with Nigeria and Benin

Urbanization

urban population: 19.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 5.49% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

NIAMEY (capital) 1.09 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.04 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

18.1 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

553 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 82.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 87.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 78.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 55.5 years
male: 54.3 years
female: 56.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

6.49 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

13.9% (2012)

Health Expenditures

5.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 48.6% of population
total: 58.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 51.4% of population
total: 41.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 37.9% of population
rural: 4.6% of population
total: 10.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 62.1% of population
rural: 95.4% of population
total: 89.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

48,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

3,400 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

3.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

37.9% (2012)

Education Expenditures

6.7% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 19.1%
male: 27.3%
female: 11% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 5 years
male: 6 years
female: 5 years (2012)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 1,557,913
percentage: 43% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 2.3%
male: 4.4%
female: 0.8% (2007 est.)