Population of Nigeria 2017


Current population of Nigeria is 190,632,261 people (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the seventh most populous.

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)


noun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian

Ethnic Groups

Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the most populous and politically influential are: Hausa and the Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%


English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages


Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Demographic Profile

Nigeria’s population is projected to grow from more than 186 million people in 2016 to 392 million in 2050, becoming the world’s fourth most populous country. Nigeria’s sustained high population growth rate will continue for the foreseeable future because of population momentum and its high birth rate. Abuja has not successfully implemented family planning programs to reduce and space births because of a lack of political will, government financing, and the availability and affordability of services and products, as well as a cultural preference for large families. Increased educational attainment, especially among women, and improvements in health care are needed to encourage and to better enable parents to opt for smaller families.

Nigeria needs to harness the potential of its burgeoning youth population in order to boost economic development, reduce widespread poverty, and channel large numbers of unemployed youth into productive activities and away from ongoing religious and ethnic violence. While most movement of Nigerians is internal, significant emigration regionally and to the West provides an outlet for Nigerians looking for economic opportunities, seeking asylum, and increasingly pursuing higher education. Immigration largely of West Africans continues to be insufficient to offset emigration and the loss of highly skilled workers. Nigeria also is a major source, transit, and destination country for forced labor and sex trafficking.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 42.54% (male 41,506,288/female 39,595,720)
15-24 years: 19.61% (male 19,094,899/female 18,289,513)
25-54 years: 30.74% (male 30,066,196/female 28,537,846)
55-64 years: 3.97% (male 3,699,947/female 3,870,080)
65 years and over: 3.13% (male 2,825,134/female 3,146,638) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 87.7
youth dependency ratio: 82.6
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1
potential support ratio: 19.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 18.3 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

36.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

12.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)


urban population: 47.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Lagos 13.123 million; Kano 3.587 million; Ibadan 3.16 million; ABUJA (capital) 2.44 million; Port Harcourt 2.343 million; Benin City 1.496 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth:
20.3 years

note median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

814 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 71.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 76 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 66.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 53.4 years
male: 52.4 years
female: 54.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

5.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

15.1% (2013)

Health Expenditures

3.7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.38 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 80.8% of population
rural: 57.3% of population
total: 68.5% of population

urban: 19.2% of population
rural: 42.7% of population
total: 31.5% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 32.8% of population
rural: 25.4% of population
total: 29% of population

urban: 67.2% of population
rural: 74.6% of population
total: 71% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

2.9% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

3.2 million (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

160,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

9.7% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

19.8% (2014)

Education Expenditures



definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 59.6%
male: 69.2%
female: 49.7% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2011)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 11,396,823
percentage: 29% (2007 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 8.1%
male: NA
female: NA (2014 est.)