Population of Oman 2017

Population

Current population of Oman is 3,424,386 people (July 2017 est.).

note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)

Nationality

noun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani

Ethnic Groups

Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Religions

Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1%, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2010 est.)

note: Omani citizens represent approximately 60% of the population and are overwhelming Muslim (Ibadhi and Sunni sects each constitute about 45% and Shia about 5%); Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists accounting for roughly 5% of Omani citizens
religious affiliation:

Age Structure

0-14 years: 30.1% (male 528,554/female 502,272)
15-24 years: 18.69% (male 335,764/female 304,207)
25-54 years: 43.8% (male 864,858/female 635,006)
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 71,477/female 62,793)
65 years and over: 3.49% (male 58,561/female 60,894) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 32.4
youth dependency ratio: 29.4
elderly dependency ratio: 3.1
potential support ratio: 32.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 25.4 years
male: 26.5 years
female: 24 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

24 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

3.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the vast majority of the population is located in and around the Al Hagar Mountains in the north of the country; another smaller cluster is found around the city of Salalah in the far south; most of the country remains sparsely poplulated

Urbanization

urban population: 78.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MUSCAT (capital) 838,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.38 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
total population: 1.19 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

17 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 13.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.5 years
male: 73.5 years
female: 77.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.82 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

29.7% (2014)

Health Expenditures

3.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.54 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

1.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 86.1% of population
total: 93.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 13.9% of population
total: 6.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 94.7% of population
total: 96.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 5.3% of population
total: 3.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

26.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

9.7% (2014)

Education Expenditures

5% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93%
male: 96.6%
female: 86% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2015)