Population of Papua New Guinea 2017


Current population of Papua New Guinea is 6,909,701 people (July 2017 est.).

the indigenous population of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of the most heterogeneous in the world; PNG has several thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people; divided by language, customs, and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in low-scale tribal conflict with their neighbors for millennia; the advent of modern weapons and modern migrants into urban areas has greatly magnified the impact of this lawlessness


noun: Papua New Guinean(s)
adjective: Papua New Guinean

Ethnic Groups

Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian


Tok Pisin (official), English (official), Hiri Motu (official), some 839 indigenous languages spoken (about 12% of the world’s total); many languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers

note: Tok Pisin, a creole language, is widely used and understood; English is spoken by 1%-2%; Hiri Motu is spoken by less than 2%


Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha’i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 33.43% (male 1,175,934/female 1,133,882)
15-24 years: 19.92% (male 697,463/female 678,680)
25-54 years: 36.89% (male 1,309,843/female 1,238,972)
55-64 years: 5.49% (male 193,273/female 185,931)
65 years and over: 4.28% (male 148,802/female 146,921) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 67.4
youth dependency ratio: 61.3
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1
potential support ratio: 16.4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.9 years
male: 23 years
female: 22.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.7% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

23.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)


urban population: 13.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

PORT MORESBY (capital) 345,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.06 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

215 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 37.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 67.2 years
male: 65 years
female: 69.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.03 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

4.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 88% of population
rural: 32.8% of population
total: 40% of population

urban: 12% of population
rural: 67.2% of population
total: 60% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 13.3% of population
total: 18.9% of population

urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 86.7% of population
total: 81.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.9% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

46,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

1,100 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

25.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

27.9% (2011)

Education Expenditures



definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.2%
male: 65.6%
female: 62.8% (2015 est.)