Population of Papua New Guinea 2017

Population

Current population of Papua New Guinea is 6,909,701 people (July 2017 est.).

note:
the indigenous population of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of the most heterogeneous in the world; PNG has several thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people; divided by language, customs, and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in low-scale tribal conflict with their neighbors for millennia; the advent of modern weapons and modern migrants into urban areas has greatly magnified the impact of this lawlessness

Nationality

noun: Papua New Guinean(s)
adjective: Papua New Guinean

Ethnic Groups

Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian

Languages

Tok Pisin (official), English (official), Hiri Motu (official), some 839 indigenous languages spoken (about 12% of the world’s total); many languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers

note: Tok Pisin, a creole language, is widely used and understood; English is spoken by 1%-2%; Hiri Motu is spoken by less than 2%

Religions

Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha’i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 33.43% (male 1,175,934/female 1,133,882)
15-24 years: 19.92% (male 697,463/female 678,680)
25-54 years: 36.89% (male 1,309,843/female 1,238,972)
55-64 years: 5.49% (male 193,273/female 185,931)
65 years and over: 4.28% (male 148,802/female 146,921) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 67.4
youth dependency ratio: 61.3
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1
potential support ratio: 16.4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.9 years
male: 23 years
female: 22.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.7% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

23.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 13.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

PORT MORESBY (capital) 345,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.06 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

215 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 37.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 67.2 years
male: 65 years
female: 69.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.03 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

4.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 32.8% of population
total: 40% of population

unimproved
urban: 12% of population
rural: 67.2% of population
total: 60% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 13.3% of population
total: 18.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 86.7% of population
total: 81.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.9% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

46,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

1,100 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

25.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

27.9% (2011)

Education Expenditures

NA

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.2%
male: 65.6%
female: 62.8% (2015 est.)