Population of Paraguay 2017


Current population of Paraguay is 6,943,739 people (July 2017 est.).


noun: Paraguayan(s)
adjective: Paraguayan

Ethnic Groups

mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%


Spanish (official), Guarani (official)


Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)

Demographic Profile

Paraguay falls below the Latin American average in several socioeconomic categories, including immunization rates, potable water, sanitation, and secondary school enrollment, and has greater rates of income inequality and child and maternal mortality. Paraguay’s poverty rate has declined in recent years but remains high, especially in rural areas, with more than a third of the population below the poverty line. However, the well-being of the poor in many regions has improved in terms ofhousing quality and access to clean water, telephone service, and electricity. The fertility rate continues to drop, declining sharply from an average 4.3 births per woman in the late 1990s to about 2 in 2013, as a result of the greater educational attainment of women, increased use of contraception, and a desire for smaller families among young women.

Paraguay is a country of emigration; it has not attracted large numbers of immigrants because of political instability, civil wars, years of dictatorship, and the greater appeal of neighboring countries. Paraguay first tried to encourage immigration in 1870 in order to rebound from the heavy death toll it suffered during the War of the Triple Alliance, but it received few European and Middle Eastern immigrants. In the 20th century, limited numbers of immigrants arrived from Lebanon, Japan, South Korea, and China, as well as Mennonites from Canada, Russia, and Mexico. Large flows of Brazilian immigrants have been arriving since the 1960s, mainly towork in agriculture. Paraguayans continue to emigrate to Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, the United States, Italy, Spain, and France.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 24.56% (male 867,854/female 837,480)
15-24 years: 19.29% (male 673,354/female 666,053)
25-54 years: 41.08% (male 1,426,941/female 1,425,279)
55-64 years: 7.95% (male 281,388/female 270,939)
65 years and over: 7.12% (male 232,011/female 262,440) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 56.6
youth dependency ratio: 47.2
elderly dependency ratio: 9.4
potential support ratio: 10.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 27.8 years
male: 27.5 years
female: 28 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

16.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

4.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the population resides in the eastern half of the country; to the west lies the Gran Chaco (a semi-arid lowland plain), which accounts for 60% of the land territory, but only 2% of the overall population


urban population: 60.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.02% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

ASUNCION (capital) 2.356 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.9 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

132 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 19.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 77.2 years
male: 74.5 years
female: 80 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.9 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate


note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2008)

Health Expenditures

9.8% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.29 physicians/1,000 population (2012)

Hospital Bed Density

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 100% of population
rural: 94.9% of population
total: 98% of population

urban: 0% of population
rural: 5.1% of population
total: 2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 78.4% of population
total: 88.6% of population

urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 21.6% of population
total: 11.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.5% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

19,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<1000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

15.1% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

2.6% (2012)

Education Expenditures

5% of GDP (2012)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 95.8%
female: 94.3% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2010)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 205,297
percentage: 15% (2004 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 13%
male: 11.5%
female: 12.3% (2015 est.)