Population of Poland 2017

Population

Current population of Poland is 38,476,269 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Pole(s)
adjective: Polish

Ethnic Groups

Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%

note: represents ethnicity declared first (2011 est.)

Languages

Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3%

note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages (2011 est.)

Religions

Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah’s Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 14.76% (male 2,919,353/female 2,757,923)
15-24 years: 10.7% (male 2,113,358/female 2,003,033)
25-54 years: 43.48% (male 8,447,418/female 8,283,757)
55-64 years: 14.21% (male 2,586,097/female 2,880,031)
65 years and over: 16.86% (male 2,560,847/female 3,924,452) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 43.9
youth dependency ratio: 21.4
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 40.3 years
male: 38.6 years
female: 42 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-0.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

9.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk

Urbanization

urban population: 60.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

WARSAW (capital) 1.722 million; Krakow 760,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

27.4 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 77.6 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 81.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.35 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

6.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.27 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

6.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 96.9% of population
total: 98.3% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 3.1% of population
total: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 96.7% of population
total: 97.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 3.3% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

27% (2014)

Education Expenditures

4.9% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2013)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 23.9%
male: 22.7%
female: 25.5% (2014 est.)