Population of Afghanistan 2017

Population

Current population of Afghanistan is 34,124,811 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic Groups

Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz)

note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan’s 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai (2015)

Languages

Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca

note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them

Religions

Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 – 89.7%, Shia 10 – 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 40.92% (male 7,093,980/female 6,869,737)
15-24 years: 22.22% (male 3,859,696/female 3,723,679)
25-54 years: 30.35% (male 5,273,969/female 5,082,972)
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 659,635/female 678,942)
65 years and over: 2.59% (male 407,437/female 474,764) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 88.8
youth dependency ratio: 84.1
elderly dependency ratio: 4.7
potential support ratio: 21.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 18.6 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 18.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

37.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

13.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

populations tend to cluster in the foothills and periphery of the rugged Hindu Kush range; smaller groups are found in many of the country’s interior valleys; in general, the east is more densely settled while the south is sparsely populated

Urbanization

urban population: 27.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.77% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

KABUL (capital) 4.635 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

19.9 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2015 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

396 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 112.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 120.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 105 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 51.3 years
male: 49.9 years
female: 52.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

5.12 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

21.2% (2010/11)

Health Expenditures

8.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.3 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 78.2% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 55.3% of population

unimproved
urban: 21.8% of population
rural: 53% of population
total: 44.7% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 45.1% of population
rural: 27% of population
total: 31.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 54.9% of population
rural: 73% of population
total: 68.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

N/A

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

7,500 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

2.4% (2014)

Education Expenditures

3.4% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 38.2%
male: 52%
female: 24.2% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 11 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 2,082,722
percentage: 25.3%

note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25.3% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2010-11 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2010/11 est.)