Population of Angola 2017

Population

Current population of Angola is 29,310,273 people (July 2017 est.).

note: results from Angola’s 2014 national census estimate the country’s population to be 25.8 million (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Angolan(s)
adjective: Angolan

Ethnic Groups

Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Languages

Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%

note: most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)

Demographic Profile

More than a decade after the end of Angola’s 27-year civil war, the country still faces a variety of socioeconomic problems, including poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy. Despite the country’s rapid post-war economic growth based on oil production, more than 40 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread, especially among the large young-adult population. Only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. The youthful population – about 45% are under the age of 15 – is expected to continue growing rapidly with a fertility rate of more 5 children per woman and a low rate of contraceptive use. Fewer than half of women deliver their babies with the assistance of trained health care personnel, which contributes to Angola’s high maternal mortality rate.

Of the estimated 550,000 Angolans who fled their homeland during its civil war, most have returned home since 2002. In 2012, the UN assessed that conditions in Angola had been stable for several years and invoked a cessation of refugee status for Angolans. Following the cessation clause, some of those still in exile returned home voluntarily through UN repatriation programs, and others integrated into host countries.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 48.12% (male 7,005,891/female 7,097,392)
15-24 years: 18.25% (male 2,593,355/female 2,756,367)
25-54 years: 28.03% (male 3,921,046/female 4,293,307)
55-64 years: 3.26% (male 438,268/female 517,690)
65 years and over: 2.34% (male 290,247/female 396,710) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 97.6
youth dependency ratio: 93
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6
potential support ratio: 21.9 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 18.2 years
male: 18 years
female: 18.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

3.5% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

44.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly Luanda

Urbanization

urban population: 45.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 4.6% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

LUANDA (capital) 5.506 million; Huambo 1.269 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

19.4 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

477 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 76.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 80.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 72.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 56 years
male: 54.8 years
female: 57.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

6.16 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

17.7% (2008/09)

Health Expenditures

3.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.14 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 75.4% of population
rural: 28.2% of population
total: 49% of population

unimproved
urban: 24.6% of population
rural: 71.8% of population
total: 51% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 88.6% of population
rural: 22.5% of population
total: 51.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 11.4% of population
rural: 77.5% of population
total: 48.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

1.9% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

280,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

11,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

8.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

15.6% (2007)

Education Expenditures

3.5% of GDP (2010)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.1%
male: 82%
female: 60.7% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 10 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2011)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 832,895
percentage: 24% (2001 est.)