Population of Malaysia 2017

Population

Current population of Malaysia is 31,381,992 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian

Ethnic Groups

Malay 50.1%, Chinese 22.6%, indigenous 11.8%, Indian 6.7%, other 0.7%, non-citizens 8.2% (2010 est.)

Languages

Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai

note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan

Religions

Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 27.83% (male 4,493,084/female 4,238,991)
15-24 years: 16.81% (male 2,677,834/female 2,598,958)
25-54 years: 41% (male 6,507,499/female 6,358,762)
55-64 years: 8.27% (male 1,316,331/female 1,277,558)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 907,850/female 1,005,125) (2017 est.)

Population Pyramid

A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country’s population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 44.6
youth dependency ratio: 36.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8.5
potential support ratio: 11.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 28.2 years
male: 28 years
female: 28.5 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

19.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

a highly uneven distribution with over 80% of the population residing on the Malay Peninsula

Urbanization

urban population: 74.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 6.837 million; Johor Bahru 912,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

40 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75 years
male: 72.2 years
female: 78 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

52.2% (2014)

Health Expenditures

4.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.28 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital Bed Density

1.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 98.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 1.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 96.1% of population
rural: 95.9% of population
total: 96% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 4.1% of population
total: 4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

97,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

7,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

12.9% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

12.9% (2006)

Education Expenditures

5% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.6%
male: 96.2%
female: 93.2% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 10.2%
male: 9.3%
female: 11.6% (2014 est.)