Population of Mozambique 2017

Population

Current population of Mozambique is 26,573,706 people (July 2017 est.).

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Mozambican(s)
adjective: Mozambican

Ethnic Groups

African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%

Languages

Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 3.7% (2007 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 28.4%, Muslim 17.9%, Zionist Christian 15.5%, Protestant 12.2% (includes Pentecostal 10.9% and Anglican 1.3%), other 6.7%, none 18.7%, unspecified 0.7% (2007 est.)

Demographic Profile

Mozambique is a poor, sparsely populated country with high fertility and mortality rates and a rapidly growing youthful population – 45% of the population is younger than 15. Mozambique’s high poverty rate is sustained by natural disasters, disease, high population growth, low agricultural productivity, and the unequal distribution of wealth. The country’s birth rate is among the world’s highest, averaging around more than 5 children per woman (and higher in rural areas) for at least the last three decades. The sustained high level of fertility reflects gender inequality, low contraceptive use, early marriages and childbearing, and a lack of education, particularly among women. The high population growth rate is somewhat restrained by the country’s high HIV/AIDS and overall mortality rates. Mozambique ranks among the worst in the world for HIV/AIDS prevalence, HIV/AIDS deaths, and life expectancy at birth.

Mozambique is predominantly a country of emigration, but internal, rural-urban migration has begun to grow. Mozambicans, primarily from the country’s southern region, have been migrating to South Africa for work for more than a century. Additionally, approximately 1.7 million Mozambicans fled to Malawi, South Africa, and other neighboring countries between 1979 and 1992 to escape from civil war. Labor migrants have usually been men from rural areas whose crops have failed or who are unemployed and have headed to South Africa to work as miners; multiple generations of the same family often become miners. Since the abolition of apartheid in South Africa in 1991, other job opportunities have opened to Mozambicans, including in the informal and manufacturing sectors, but mining remains their main source of employment.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 44.72% (male 5,975,407/female 5,908,511)
15-24 years: 21.57% (male 2,824,012/female 2,907,033)
25-54 years: 27.42% (male 3,409,425/female 3,875,837)
55-64 years: 3.4% (male 435,203/female 468,939)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 352,546/female 416,793) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 93.5
youth dependency ratio: 87.5
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1
potential support ratio: 16.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 17.1 years
male: 16.5 years
female: 17.7 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.5% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

38.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

11.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

three large populations clusters are found along the southern coast between Maputo and Inhambane, in the central area between Beira and Chimoio along the Zambezi River, and in and around the northern cities of Nampula, Cidade de Nacala, and Pemba; the northwest and southwest are the least populated areas

Urbanization

urban population: 32.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.27% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MAPUTO (capital) 1.187 million; Matola 937,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

18.9 years
median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

489 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 67.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 70 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 65.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 53.3 years
male: 52.6 years
female: 54.1 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

5.08 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

11.6% (2011)

Health Expenditures

7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 80.6% of population
rural: 37% of population
total: 51.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 19.4% of population
rural: 63% of population
total: 48.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 42.4% of population
rural: 10.1% of population
total: 20.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 57.6% of population
rural: 89.9% of population
total: 79.5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

12.3% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

1.8 million (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

62,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

4.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

15.6% (2011)

Education Expenditures

6.5% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.8%
male: 73.3%
female: 45.4% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2014)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 1,369,080
percentage: 22% (2008 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 39.4%
male: 40.2%
female: 38.7% (2012 est.)