Population of Nepal 2017

Population

Current population of Nepal is 29,384,297 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Nepali (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepali

Ethnic Groups

Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19%

note: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census (2011 est.)

Languages

Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%

note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English (2011 est.)

Religions

Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 30.2% (male 4,610,861/female 4,264,580)
15-24 years: 21.73% (male 3,220,431/female 3,164,292)
25-54 years: 36.58% (male 4,847,427/female 5,900,442)
55-64 years: 6.32% (male 897,999/female 959,405)
65 years and over: 5.17% (male 753,771/female 765,089) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 61.4
youth dependency ratio: 52.5
elderly dependency ratio: 8.8
potential support ratio: 11.3 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 23.6 years
male: 22.4 years
female: 24.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

19.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the population is divided nearly equally between a concentration in the southern-most plains of the Tarai region and the central hilly region; overall density is quite low

Urbanization

urban population: 18.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.18% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

KATHMANDU (capital) 1.183 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

20.1 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

258 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 28.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 30.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 27.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 70.7 years
male: 70.1 years
female: 71.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.12 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

49.6% (2014)

Health Expenditures

5.8% of GDP (2014)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 90.9% of population
rural: 91.8% of population
total: 91.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 9.1% of population
rural: 8.2% of population
total: 8.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 56% of population
rural: 43.5% of population
total: 45.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 44% of population
rural: 56.5% of population
total: 54.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.2% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

32,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

1,700 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

2.9% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

30.1% (2014)

Education Expenditures

3.7% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 63.9%
male: 76.4%
female: 53.1% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 2,467,549
percentage: 34% (2008 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 3.5%
male: 4.2%
female: 2.9% (2008 est.)