Population of Saudi Arabia 2017

Population

Current population of Saudi Arabia is 28,571,770 people (July 2017 est.).

note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)

Nationality

noun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian

Ethnic Groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Languages

Arabic (official)

Religions

Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)

note: despite having a large expatriate community of various faiths (more than 30% of the population), most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 26.1% (male 3,825,242/female 3,631,967)
15-24 years: 18.57% (male 2,842,818/female 2,462,061)
25-54 years: 46.86% (male 7,559,248/female 5,829,656)
55-64 years: 5.03% (male 783,673/female 653,404)
65 years and over: 3.44% (male 498,830/female 484,871) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 40.9
youth dependency ratio: 36.6
elderly dependency ratio: 4.3
potential support ratio: 23.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 27.2 years
male: 27.9 years
female: 26.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.5% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

18.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

Historically a population that was mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic, the Saudi population has become more settled since petroleum was discovered in the 1930s; most of the economic activities – and with it the country’s population – is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula, from Ad Dammam in the east, through Riyadh in the interior, to Mecca-Medina in the west near the Red Sea.

Urbanization

urban population: 83.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

RIYADH (capital) 6.195 million; Jeddah 4.076 million; Mecca 1.771 million; Medina 1.28 million; Ad Dammam 1.064 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.31 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.21 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.05 male(s)/female
total population: 1.19 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

12 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.3 years
male: 73.2 years
female: 77.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.09 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

23.8% (2007)

Health Expenditures

4.7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.57 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

2.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 97% of population

unimproved urban: 3% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 3% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

N/A

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

8,200 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

33.7% (2014)

Education Expenditures

5.1% of GDP (2008)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.7%
male: 97%
female: 91.1% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 17 years
female: 15 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 30.4%
male: 21.4%
female: 57.9% (2014 est.)