Population of Yemen 2017

Population

Current population of Yemen is 28,036,829 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Yemeni(s)
adjective: Yemeni

Ethnic Groups

predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans

Languages

Arabic (official)

note: a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen

Religions

Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha’i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 39.83% (male 5,681,084/female 5,485,959)
15-24 years: 21.21% (male 3,015,232/female 2,930,329)
25-54 years: 32.27% (male 4,625,967/female 4,422,418)
55-64 years: 3.94% (male 506,759/female 598,973)
65 years and over: 2.75% (male 353,953/female 416,155) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 76.8
youth dependency ratio: 71.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1
potential support ratio: 19.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 19.2 years
male: 19.1 years
female: 19.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

28.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the vast majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains (part of the larger Sarawat Mountain system), located in the far western region of the country

Urbanization

urban population: 34.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.03% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

SANAA (capital) 2.962 million; Aden 882,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

21.4 years
median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

385 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 65.5 years
male: 63.4 years
female: 67.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.63 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

33.5% (2013)

Health Expenditures

5.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 72% of population
rural: 46.5% of population
total: 54.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 28% of population
rural: 53.5% of population
total: 45.1% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 92.5% of population
rural: 34.1% of population
total: 53.3% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.5% of population
rural: 65.9% of population
total: 46.7% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

N/A

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

9,900 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

14.2% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

39.9% (2013)

Education Expenditures

4.6% of GDP (2008)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 70.1%
male: 85.1%
female: 55% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2011)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 33.7%
male: 26%
female: 74% (2010 est.)