Population of Puerto Rico 2017


Current population of Puerto Rico is 3,351,827 people (July 2017 est.).


noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican

Ethnic Groups

white 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3%

note: 99% of the population is Latino (2010 est.)


Spanish, English


Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%

Age Structure

0-14 years: 15.77% (male 270,656/female 258,073)
15-24 years: 13.71% (male 233,667/female 225,812)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 607,954/female 669,149)
55-64 years: 12.93% (male 198,720/female 234,713)
65 years and over: 19.48% (male 281,413/female 371,670) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 49.6
youth dependency ratio: 27.9
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 39.5 years
male: 37.5 years
female: 41.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-1.7% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

8.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-16.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low


urban population: 93.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.03% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

SAN JUAN (capital) 2.463 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 79.4 years
male: 75.8 years
female: 83.1 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.22 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Drinking Water Source

urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 93.6% of population

urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population

urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 0.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate


HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS – Deaths


Major Infectious Disease

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Education Expenditures

6.4% of GDP (2013)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
male: 92.8%
female: 93.8% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 26.6%
male: 28.9%
female: 23.1% (2012 est.)