Population of Romania 2017

Population

Current population of Romania is 21,529,967 people (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian

Ethnic Groups

Romanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Romani 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)

note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Romania’s population

Languages

Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)

Religions

Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 14.35% (male 1,586,976/female 1,502,864)
15-24 years: 10.6% (male 1,170,679/female 1,110,727)
25-54 years: 46.03% (male 5,016,529/female 4,893,792)
55-64 years: 12.61% (male 1,271,281/female 1,443,414)
65 years and over: 16.41% (male 1,428,599/female 2,105,106) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 22.8
elderly dependency ratio: 25.2
potential support ratio: 4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 40.7 years
male: 39.3 years
female: 42.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-0.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

8.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

12 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

urbanization is not particularly high, and a fairly even population distribution can be found throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations; Hungarians, the country’s largest minority, have a particularly strong presence in eastern Transylvania

Urbanization

urban population: 54.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.05% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BUCHAREST (capital) 1.868 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

26.7 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

31 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.1 years
male: 71.7 years
female: 78.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.35 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

5.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.67 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

6.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 92.2% of population
rural: 63.3% of population
total: 79.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.8% of population
rural: 36.7% of population
total: 20.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

16,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<200 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

23.4% (2014)

Education Expenditures

2.9% of GDP (2012)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.5% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 21.7%
male: 20.6%
female: 23.4% (2015 est.)