Population of Russia 2017

Population

Current population of Russia is 142,257,519 people (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the ninth most populous.

Nationality

noun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian

Ethnic Groups

Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%

note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia’s 2010 census (2010 est.)

Languages

Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%

note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)

Religions

Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)

note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions

Age Structure

0-14 years: 17.12% (male 12,509,563/female 11,843,254)
15-24 years: 9.46% (male 6,881,880/female 6,572,191)
25-54 years: 44.71% (male 31,220,990/female 32,375,489)
55-64 years: 14.44% (male 8,849,707/female 11,693,131)
65 years and over: 14.28% (male 6,352,557/female 13,958,757) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 43.1
youth dependency ratio: 24
elderly dependency ratio: 19.1
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 39.3 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 42.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-0.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

11 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

13.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

population is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south

Urbanization

urban population: 74% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth:
24.6 years (2009 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 70.8 years
male: 65 years
female: 76.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.61 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

68%

note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2011)

Health Expenditures

7.1% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population

unimproved
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

26.2% (2014)

Education Expenditures

3.9% of GDP (2012)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 13.7%
male: 13.3%
female: 14.1% (2014 est.)