Population of Senegal 2017

Population

Current population of Senegal is 14,668,522 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese

Ethnic Groups

Wolof 38.7%, Pular 26.5%, Serer 15%, Mandinka 4.2%, Jola 4%, Soninke 2.3%, other 9.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010-11 est.)

Languages

French (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke

Religions

Muslim 95.4% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.2% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.4% (2010-11 est.)

Demographic Profile

Senegal has a large and growing youth population but has not been successful in developing its potential human capital. Senegal’s high total fertility rate of almost 4.5 children per woman continues to bolster the country’s large youth cohort – more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25. Fertility remains high because of the continued desire for large families, the low use of family planning, and early childbearing. Because of the country’s high illiteracy rate (more than 40%), high unemployment (even among university graduates), and widespread poverty, Senegalese youths face dim prospects; women are especially disadvantaged.

Senegal historically was a destination country for economic migrants, but in recent years West African migrants more often use Senegal as a transit point to North Africa – and sometimes illegally onward to Europe. The country also has been host to several thousand black Mauritanian refugees since they were expelled from theirhomeland during its 1989 border conflict with Senegal. The country’s economic crisis in the 1970s stimulated emigration; departures accelerated in the 1990s. Destinations shifted from neighboring countries, which were experiencing economic decline, civil wars, and increasing xenophobia, to Libya and Mauritania because of their booming oil industries and to developed countries (most notably former colonial ruler France, as well as Italy and Spain). The latter became attractive in the 1990s because of job opportunities and their periodic regularization programs (legalizing the status of illegal migrants).

Additionally, about 16,000 Senegalese refugees still remain in The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau as a result of more than 30 years of fighting between government forcesand rebel separatists in southern Senegal’s Casamance region.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 41.51% (male 3,060,118/female 3,028,975)
15-24 years: 20.33% (male 1,486,393/female 1,496,393)
25-54 years: 31.19% (male 2,102,757/female 2,472,683)
55-64 years: 3.98% (male 251,673/female 332,113)
65 years and over: 2.98% (male 194,491/female 242,926) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 85.4
youth dependency ratio: 79.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6
potential support ratio: 18 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 18.7 years
male: 17.8 years
female: 19.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

33.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the population is concentrated in the west, with Dakar anchoring a well-defined core area; approximately 70% of the population is rural

Urbanization

urban population: 44.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

DAKAR (capital) 3.52 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

21.5 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

315 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 50.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 61.7 years
male: 59.7 years
female: 63.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

4.28 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

23.3% (2015)

Health Expenditures

4.7% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital Bed Density

0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 92.9% of population
rural: 67.3% of population
total: 78.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.1% of population
rural: 32.7% of population
total: 21.5% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 65.4% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 47.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 34.6% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 52.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

41,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

1,900 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

8.3% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

12.8% (2014)

Education Expenditures

7.2% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 69.7%
female: 46.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 657,216
percentage: 22% (2005 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 12.7%
male: 8.3%
female: 19% (2011 est.)